“A new covenant” Hebrews 8:1-13
1. The Old Covenant
a) The Mosaic Covenant
b) It was never meant to last
2. The New Covenant
a) This was prophesied
b) Jeremiah was given a special word about the New Covenant. Jeremiah 31:31-34
ELEMENTS OF THE NEW COVENANT
31 “Behold, the days are coming, says the LORD, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah—
32 not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt,
My covenant which they broke, though I was a husband to them, says the LORD.
33 But this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, says the LORD:
I will put My law in their minds, and write it on their hearts; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people.
34 No more shall every man teach his neighbor, and every man his brother, saying, ‘Know the LORD,’ for they all shall know Me,
from the least of them to the greatest of them, says the LORD. For I will forgive their iniquity, and their sin I will remember no more.” Jeremiah 31:31-34
1. It will not be like the Old Covenant
a) This was broken badly
b) It will be replaced by the New Covenant
2. God will put His law into
a) Our hearts
b) Our minds
3. All may know the Lord God
4. All sins will be forgiven
THE ESTABLISHING OF THE NEW COVENANT
14 When the hour had come, He sat down, and the [b]twelve apostles with Him.
15 Then He said to them, “With fervent desire I have desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer;
16 for I say to you, I will no longer eat of it until it is fulfilled in the kingdom of God.”
17 Then He took the cup, and gave thanks, and said, “Take this and divide it among yourselves;
18 for I say to you, I will not drink of the fruit of the vine until the kingdom of God comes.”
19 And He took bread, gave thanks and broke it, and gave it to them, saying, “This is My body which is given for you; do this in remembrance of Me.”
20 Likewise He also took the cup after supper, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in My blood, which is shed for you. Luke 22:14-20
1. It will take the Lord Jesus to establish the New Covenant
2. It would take the shedding of His blood to seal the New Covenant
SIGNIFICANT COMMENTARY ABOUT THE NEW COVENANT
7 For if that first covenant had been faultless, then no place would have been sought for a second.
8 Because finding fault with them, He says: “Behold, the days are coming, says the LORD,
when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah—
9 not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt;
because they did not continue in My covenant, and I disregarded them, says the LORD.
10 For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, says the LORD:
I will put My laws in their mind and write them on their hearts; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people.
11 None of them shall teach his neighbour, and none his brother, saying, ‘Know the LORD,’ for all shall know Me, from the least of them to the greatest of them.
12 For I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and their sins and their lawless deeds I will remember no more.”
13 In that He says, “A new covenant,” He has made the first obsolete. Now what is becoming obsolete and growing old is ready to vanish away. Hebrews 8:7-13
1. Reference to the prophecy of Jeremiah (Jeremiah 31:31-34)
2. God will be most merciful to man’s unrighteousness
a) He will not call to remembrance
b) Sins and lawless deeds
3. The Old Covenant is made obsolete
4. The New Covenant is in place
11 But Christ came as High Priest of the good things [c]to come, with the greater and more perfect tabernacle not made with hands, that is, not of this creation.
12 Not with the blood of goats and calves, but with His own blood He entered the Most Holy Place once for all, having obtained eternal redemption.
13 For if the blood of bulls and goats and the ashes of a heifer, sprinkling the unclean, sanctifies for the purifying of the flesh,
14 how much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered Himself without spot to God,
cleanse your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?
15 And for this reason He is the Mediator of the new covenant, by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions under the first covenant,
that those who are called may receive the promise of the eternal inheritance. Hebrews 9:11-15
1. The Lord Jesus is the Mediator of the New Covenant
2. His death redeemed us of all our transgressions
3. We have the promise of an eternal inheritance
4. Let us seek to treasure the Son of Man for achieving so much for us!